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【重要】モザンビーク行政裁判所が情報開示を命じる

モザンビークから大きなニュースが飛び込んできました。
一昨日(2018年9月27日)、モザンビークのマプト(首都)にある行政裁判所が、モザンビーク政府に対し、プロサバンナに関する情報を公開するよう命じたことが大きく報道されています。

2017年に弁護士によって設立されたモザンビーク弁護士協会(Mozambican Bar Association 、OAM) が地方裁判所に起こしていた裁判の判決として、これが言い渡されました。

これは援助国である日本政府と援助実施機関のJICAの責任をも問題とする大きな判決であり、戦後日本の海外援助の経験においても大きな出来事といえるでしょう。

現在沢山の記事が出ていますが、まずはポルトガル国営通信(LUSA)の記事を紹介します。
先にgoogle訳の英語も貼付けます。

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Administrative Court condemns Mozambican government to release information on agrarian program

Lusa
September 27, 2018 - 10:33

https://www.dn.pt/lusa/interior/tribunal-administrativo-condena-governo-mocambicano-a-divulgar-informacao-sobre-programa-agrario-9915455.html

The Administrative Court of the City of Maputo condemned the Mozambican Ministry of Agriculture to provide all information of public interest on ProSAVANA, an agrarian development project between the Mozambican, Brazilian and Japanese governments, was announced today.

An excerpt from the ruling of the Administrative Court of Maputo City, released today on the initiative of the Mozambican Bar Association, states that the conviction was unanimously decided by the collective of judges of that court.

That body urges the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security "to make available to the public in general information of public interest relating to the organization, operation and decisions likely to interfere with the rights and freedoms of citizens, particularly those relating to land, food and nutrition of communities covered by ProSAVANA. "

The Administrative Court of the City of Maputo gives the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security of Mozambique ten days to abide by the decision.

The conviction was triggered by a lawsuit brought by the Mozambican Bar Association (OAM) in 2017 due to lack of information on the functioning and decisions with an impact on the rights and freedoms of the communities covered by ProSAVANA.

Specifically, the OAM considers that the Mozambican Government has not shared with civil society information on how the 14.5 million hectares of the communities destined to ProSAVANA will be managed and whether the rights of communities on land are assured.

ProSAVANA is still in the study phase and experience results from a partnership between the governments of Mozambique, Brazil and Japan for the development of commercial agriculture in districts of central and northern Mozambique.

===原文(抜粋)====
Tribunal Administrativo condena Governo moçambicano a divulgar informação sobre programa agrário

O Tribunal Administrativo da Cidade de Maputo condenou o Ministério da Agricultura moçambicano a fornecer toda a informação de interesse público sobre o ProSAVANA, um projeto de desenvolvimento agrário entre os governos moçambicano, brasileiro e japonês, foi hoje anunciado.

Lusa
27 Setembro 2018 — 10:33

Um excerto do acórdão do Tribunal Administrativo da Cidade de Maputo, divulgado hoje por iniciativa da Ordem dos Advogados de Moçambique, refere que a condenação foi decidida por unanimidade pelo coletivo de juízes daquela instância judicial.

Aquele órgão insta o Ministério da Agricultura e Segurança Alimentar "a disponibilizar ao público, em geral, a informação de interesse público relativa à organização, funcionamento e decisões passíveis de interferir na esfera dos direitos e liberdades dos cidadãos, particularmente os relativos à terra, segurança alimentar e nutricional das comunidades abrangidas pelo ProSAVANA".

(略)

A condenação foi desencadeada por uma ação interposta pela Ordem dos Advogados de Moçambique (OAM) em 2017 devido à falta de informação sobre o funcionamento e decisões com impacto sobre os direitos e liberdades das comunidades abrangidas pelo ProSAVANA.
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Author:MozambiqueKaihatsu
「モザンビーク開発を考える市民の会」の公式サイトへようこそ!本サイトでは、モザンビークの草の根の人びとの側に立った現地・日本・世界の情報共有を行っています。特に、現地住民に他大な影響を及ぼす日本のODA農業開発事業「プロサバンナ」や投資「鉱物資源開発」に注目しつつ、モデルとされるブラジル・セラード開発についての議論も紹介。国際的な食・農・土地を巡る動きも追っています。

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