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【公開】UNAC・GRAINの「ナカラ回廊土地収奪」レポート


モザンビーク全国農民連合(UNAC)と国際NGOのGRAINが、現地調査に基づき、モザンビーク・ナカラ回廊地域における土地収奪の実態をレ ポートにまとめ、2月に発表しました。本調査の一部については、日本の市民社会も参加し、合同調査を行っています。(日本の調査団の報告書はこち ら→http://www.ngo-jvc.net/jp/projects/advocacy-statement/data /proposal%20final.pdf)

レポートにあわせたプレスリリースも発表されていますので、あわせて紹介します。

■報告書タイトル:
「ナカラ回廊の土地収奪ー植民地プランテーションとの闘いの新時代」
( "The Landgrabbers of the Nacala Corridor - A new era of struggle against colonial plantations in Northern Mozambique")
("Os Usurpadores de Terras do Corredor de Nacala - Uma nova era de luta contra plantações coloniais no Norte de Moçambique")

英語版:
http://www.grain.org/article/entries/5137-land-grabbers-of-%20the-nacala-corridor
ポルトガル語版:
http://www.grain.org/article/entries/5136-os-usurpadores-de-terras-do-corredor-de-nacala

■プレスリリース:
「モザンビークに植民地プランテーションが戻る」
(Colonial plantations are making a comeback in Mozambique)

=============
UNAC | GRAIN
Media release
19 February 2015
For immediate release*
Colonial plantations are making a comeback in Mozambique
There is a colonial-style scramble for Africa's farm lands, and Mozambique's peasants are on the front lines.
A new survey of land deals in Mozambique shows that since 2006 there have been at least 35 land deals with foreign investors for the production of food crops, covering more than half a million ha.
More than a thousand peasant farmers have been displaced by just one land grab by AgroMoz in the Gurué district. (Photo: Erico Waga for GRAIN)
Many of these deals are for lands in the Nacala Corridor, an area spanning 14 million hectares of northern Mozambique, where the government and foreign donors are developing transportation infrastructure and export agriculture.
Over 4.5 million peasant families depend on these lands for their livelihoods and food security. The government and foreign donors say that the development of the Corridor will bring benefits to local communities, but already they are being pushed off their lands to make way for big agribusiness.
"Even before the infrastructure is built, we are seeing a massive wave of land grabs in the area," says Costa Estevao, president of the provincial peasant's union of Nampula.
"Even before the infrastructure is built, we are seeing a massive wave of land grabs in the area," says Costa Estevao, president of the provincial peasant's union of Nampula.
A new report by UNAC and the international organisation GRAIN shows how obscure companies registered in offshore tax havens and connected to Mozambican political elites have been grabbing lands in the Nacala Corridor and extracting wealth in ways reminiscent of the country's colonial days.
"Thousands of farming families have already been displaced, and the lands given to European and US businessmen with clever financial schemes but little experience in agriculture," says Ange David Baimey of GRAIN.
"These land grabs are destroying peoples' livelihoods and contributing nothing to Mozambique's overall development or food security," says Ana Paula Taucale, Vice presidente of UNAC.
UNAC and its more than 100,000 farmer members are calling for a process of genuine agrarian reform across the country to ensure access to land for peasant families and to support their agricultural production.
Read the report: grain.org/e/5137
- See more at: http://farmlandgrab.org/24542#sthash.ySiaDXnS.dpuf

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Appendix

プロフィール

MozambiqueKaihatsu

Author:MozambiqueKaihatsu
「モザンビーク開発を考える市民の会」の公式サイトへようこそ!本サイトでは、モザンビークの草の根の人びとの側に立った現地・日本・世界の情報共有を行っています。特に、現地住民に他大な影響を及ぼす日本のODA農業開発事業「プロサバンナ」や投資「鉱物資源開発」に注目しつつ、モデルとされるブラジル・セラード開発についての議論も紹介。国際的な食・農・土地を巡る動きも追っています。

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